Avoiding war

The six different ways of avoiding wars are world government, collective security, functionalism, third party assistance, diplomacy and peace keeping. A world government is the idea of states giving up their sovereignty in the matter of going to war to an international power in order to maintain peace. This idea is criticized because most states would not be willing to give up their sovereignty. Collective Security is an agreement among nations to automatically counter an aggressor. Collective Security was used in the Coalition of the Gulf War in Iraq in 1990.  The UN to stop Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait created the Coalition of 34 states.  The main forces in the coalition were the US, UK, Canada, Australia and France. Functionalism is the theory that cooperation in specialized areas will encourage overall cooperation among states. Functionalism builds trust between states when work together for the benefit of both states. Third party assistance is when a nation that isn’t involved in a dispute helps to settle a problem when the parties involved want to peacefully find a solution. The third party is an outside mediator that clarify issues, carry messages, gives suggestions and tries to find a middle ground in order for the parties to agree on a compromise. The 2000 Camp David Summit is an example of third party assistance.  In July 2000, Bill Clinton held a peace summit with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat to negotiate a settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Diplomacy in order to keep peace involves treating nations sensitively and trying to find legal compromises between nations, usually resulting in a treaty. A recent act of diplomacy is the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. New START is a treaty between the US and Russian Federation to reduce the number of nuclear missile launchers by half in each country.  It was signed in 2010. The agreement starts in 2012 and will last until 2021. Peacekeeping is when an outside military forces stabilize a cease-fire agreement. A recent peacekeeping mission is The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was established in 1999 in order to keep peace after the end of the 2nd Congo war. The war officially ended in 2003, but UN Troops are still currently in the Congo in order to help keep the peace. 

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